Online program to address polio epidemic

A virtual program on the polio epidemic is scheduled at 7 p.m. Wednesday, March 24.

The program, “We’ve Been Here Before: the Polio Epidemic,” is offered through the Bonner Springs Library, in partnership with the Northeast Kansas Library System and six neighboring libraries.

The program is the second in a series of programs that examine historical events that have lessons to teach in the midst of the pandemic.

Interested persons may register for the program at

The program on March 24 is a moderated discussion about the polio vaccine.

Mass vaccinations in the 1950s helped eradicate polio from the United States. The panel of experts for the polio discussion includes:

• René F. Najera, Dr.PH, editor, History of Vaccines, College of Physicians of Philadelphia
• Chris Crenner, M.D., Ph.D., Hudson-Major professor and chair at the University of Kansas Medical Center
• Carl Chinnery, a past district governor from District 6040 and member of the Lee’s Summit Rotary Club
• Jim Arnett, Rotary District 5710 polio chairman and spouse of a polio survivor of Kansas City’s 1946 polio epidemic

This program series is a partnership of the public libraries in Atchison, Basehor, Bonner Springs, Lansing, Leavenworth, Linwood, and Tonganoxie, as well as NEKLS.

The first program in this series, in February, was on the 1918 flu pandemic. That program was in partnership with the National World War I Museum and Memorial, and almost 3,000 people tuned in to it. C-SPAN has contacted the museum for permission to air it.

Old courthouse annex had long history

The former Wyandotte County Courthouse annex at 94th and State Avenue was being demolished to make way for new development, as shown in this photo from Feb. 21.

by Mary Rupert

As plans move forward for a new apartment complex on part of the former Schlitterbahn property on the northwest corner of 94th and State, a part of Wyandotte County history is disappearing.

The old Wyandotte County courthouse annex building at 94th and State was being demolished this past month.

While the old county annex building no longer will remain at the site, a graveyard to the north of it will not be affected by the demolition, according to Dave Reno, a spokesman for the Unified Government.

When the old county annex property transferred from the county to the Schlitterbahn water park, the old courthouse annex building was used by the water park for offices and storage. In recent years, the building showed a lot of signs of age, including broken windows.

A 2009 photo showed Schlitterbahn using the property in front of the old county annex building to store items they might use in their water park. The building also was used for offices and storage. (File photo)

Before its Schlitterbahn years, the building housed local county government offices such as the election office, motor vehicle tags and Extension office.

A photo of the former Wyandotte County Courthouse Annex building, 94th and State, from 2005. (Photo courtesy of Wyandotte County Museum)

County home for aged and indigent

A photo from the Wyandotte County Museum archives showed buildings on the county farm home property near 94th and State. (Photo courtesy of Wyandotte County Museum)
A photo from the Wyandotte County Museum archives showed buildings on the county farm home property near 94th and State. (Photo courtesy of Wyandotte County Museum)
A photo from the Wyandotte County Museum archives showed buildings on the county farm home property near 94th and State. (Photo courtesy of Wyandotte County Museum)

Years earlier, there was a county home for the aged and indigent on the property, which was sometimes called the “poor farm” by local residents.

Jeff Jennings of the Wyandotte County Museum said there were two buildings on the property, one which is the former county annex and the other that was called the poor house. The second building has been gone for a long time, he said.

A newspaper story from the Kansas City Kansan in September 1930 detailed the progress of construction on a new home to house about 200 persons at the county farm at 94th and State. (Clipping courtesy of the Wyandotte County Museum)

A newspaper clipping from the Kansas City Kansan, dated Sept. 29, 1930, stated that the construction of a new $200,000 home at the county farm was progressing. It was described as a two-story building of brick and stone that would house 200 residents.

The home was built on a plan that placed a courtyard in the center, allowing sunshine and fresh air for residents, according to the news story.

Another old news clipping, from February 1930, said there was a proposal for oil and gas drilling at the poor farm, with oil struck there in 1930.

A third news clipping reported there was a fire at the county home in December 1930, with 146 residents fleeing the building. The story said there already were plans to replace the building with a brick and stone structure.

Cemetery located near county home has hundreds of unmarked graves

A sign and gate marked the entrance to the Wyandotte County Cemetery on 94th Street, north of State Avenue. The cemetery is to the north of the former courthouse annex.

To the north of the home for the aged and indigent was a cemetery, according to Jennings. It was sometimes called a pauper’s cemetery, and it is listed under the name Wyandotte County Cemetery in some of the records.

Besides an entrance sign identifying it as a cemetery, there are only about two marked graves, Jennings said. The cemetery contains over 500 unmarked graves, perhaps as many as 600 or 700, he said.

Jennings said he had a list of the names of the persons who were buried in the cemetery, which is located to the north of the old annex building, on the east side of the property. However, he added he didn’t know exactly where in the cemetery those persons were buried.

Jennings said the cemetery should stay in place during the construction process for the new apartment buildings.

The cemetery was the subject of a story in February 2007 in the Wyandotte West, as preparations were being made to turn the property over to Schlitterbahn.

There was an extensive investigation into the cemetery and graves in 2006, with an agreement made then that graves would not be touched. There was discussion about creating a park-like setting for the cemetery.

Investigators used metal detectors to find the perimeter of the burial grounds and noninvasive measures were used to discover the unmarked gravesites. The UG commissioned the study, with Chris Schoen of Louis Berger Group, Marion, Iowa, as the main investigator and Geoffrey Jones, geophysicist, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, as the geophysical surveyor.

A report issued by Jones in December 2006 noted that the cemetery was established in 1870 and was used until 1973. The number of total burials there was unknown, but 541 burials were recorded during the last quarter century of the cemetery’s use, the report stated.

A magnetic survey and an electrical resistance survey were completed. After testing and investigation, the researchers concluded the cemetery was limited to the interior of the road loop and to the flat hilltop between the road loop and 94th Street. Another area containing burials was on higher ground between the eastern road of the cemetery and 94th Street, according to the report.

The report is online at

Multifamily apartment project planned for site

The 94th and State area will be developed into apartments, according to a UG Committee meeting on March 1. Nine apartment buildings and a clubhouse are planned. (From UG Committee meeting)
The new apartment buildings planned for 94th and State are planned to look like this drawing, which was presented at the March 1 UG Committee meeting. (From UG Committee meeting)

A multifamily apartment project planned for the site of the former county annex building at 94th and State received preliminary approval for industrial revenue bonds at the March 1 UG Economic Development and Finance Committee meeting.

IRBs not to exceed $45 million were approved for the Milhaus Properties project.

As part of the Homefield project for the former Schlitterbahn property, the project was already approved in concept earlier, according to Katherine Carttar, UG director of economic development.

The 18-acre apartment site will have 274 units, and will include a clubhouse pool, enclosed garages and surface parking, John McGurk, vice president of development for Milhaus Properties, said at the UG meeting. It will have a fitness center, lounge, coffee bar, pet park, pool with a sun deck, and fire pits. There will be nine buildings and a clubhouse, and the apartment buildings will have three stories and a basement.

According to McGurk, the project will have a trail system through the entire Homefield development.

The project is to start construction this summer, with the first units completed within 12 months, McGurk said. The project should be completed in spring 2023, according to developers.

The northeast portion of the property will remain a forested area, according to the developer.

The UG Committee meeting is online at

Masks still necessary, even with case numbers improving, doctors say

COVID-19 case numbers continue to be lower in the Kansas City area and in Wyandotte County, and doctors credited mask-wearing and vaccines for the improvement.

Amanda Cackler, director of quality and safety at KU Health System, said the hospital hasn’t seen an inpatient COVID-19 death since Feb. 24.

A new study in Israel reported there was a 70 percent reduction in ventilator use for COVID-19 cases since the vaccine rollout, according to Dr. Dana Hawkinson, medical director of infection prevention and control.

The number of COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations has dropped over the past few months, which makes it feel much more manageable to doctors, according to Dr. Steven Stites, chief medical officer at KU Health System.

But COVID-19 is still the single largest admitting diagnosis for people entering the hospital, according to Dr. Stites.

Cackler said for a long period of time, there haven’t been any flu or RSV positive cases in the hospital, both inpatients and outpatients.

“Vaccination for COVID does not protect against RSV. Clearly, the influenza vaccination protects against influenza,” Dr. Stites said. “But to have nothing at this time of year, there’s only one reason: It’s because you out there are doing a great job with your masking, distancing, hand washing, coughing into your elbow and not going out if you’re ill. Keep up the good work.”

Regardless of what’s being said by some, Dr. Stites said masks work and people still should be masked.

“It really suggests perhaps the behavior shouldn’t end, even with vaccination coming, as it relates to other diseases,” Cackler said.

Dr. Stites said viral illnesses start a little inflammation, which can cause other problems. He has seen COPD, asthma and emphysema triggered by forms of viral illness. If people don’t get a virus, they don’t see as many of these other complications, according to Dr. Stites. Those numbers for asthma and COPD are currently down, also, he said.

“There’s only one reason for that – infection control,” Dr. Stites said.

“We’re not saying you have to wear a mask 365 days a year once we have COVID conquered,” Dr. Stites said. “But there is something to that.”

Vulnerable people who may have asthma, COPD or heart failure might want to examine the idea of wearing masks more, according to Dr. Stites.

Recently there has been a 90 percent drop in new COVID-19 cases in the Kansas City area compared to about a month ago.

Cackler said she is concerned people are overly confident that they’re over the hump and will go back to normal life.

“We have to be extremely cautious,” she said. COVID-19 hasn’t been eliminated yet.

Masking and distancing need to continue, she said. If people can make it through the new few months with more vaccine distribution, then they can think about changing behaviors and returning to whatever the new normal will be, she said.

Dr. Dana Hawkinson said he is concerned about variants. There is some information that the B117 variant from the UK is more transmissible with a higher death rate, and that is still being studied, he said. In Houston, they’ve identified all those variants but are loosening restrictions, he added.

With variants present in the United States, and with the possibility of travel picking up in the spring and summer, the doctors are concerned. More than 25 states are reporting rising COVID-19 case numbers currently.

Dr. Stites said, “This game’s close, you’re late in the third quarter. Don’t fumble the ball at the 10-yard line.”

On July 1, when a lot more people are vaccinated, then they should have another conversation, he said.

Cackler said the CDC’s guidance on gatherings, masking and distancing hasn’t changed yet, and the health system doesn’t have any change in its recommendations. Masks and social distancing are still recommended.

She added that the health system has received a lot of calls from people wanting guidance about events they are planning later this year.

“We don’t have that crystal ball to know exactly what events will look like in April or September, so we just have to keep the course,” Cackler said.

When asked if a group of four people, all who had vaccinations, could gather together and take their masks off, Cackler said she personally is not doing that.

If they’re not her household contacts, she is still distancing and masking, she said. While it is great news that transmission may be reduced as much as 70 percent by the vaccine, it still isn’t zero and people may not take into account that others have vulnerable conditions, according to Cackler.

“The transmission can still happen,” Cackler said, “so I think we just have to be extremely cautious. We need to wait and see a little bit more.”

“You may give asymptomatic transmission to someone else who’s been vaccinated, but that person could give it to someone else who’s not been vaccinated,” Dr. Stites said.

Dr. Hawkinson said he expected new guidance on these questions to come soon from the CDC.

COVID-19 case numbers reported

The total number of COVID-19 active and recovering COVID-19 patients at the University of Kansas Health System was 46 on Friday, an increase of two from Thursday, according to Dr. Hawkinson, medical director of infection prevention and control. There were 15 active COVID-19 patients in the hospital, an increase of one since Thursday. Three of those patients were in the intensive care unit, the same as Thursday. One of those was on a ventilator, no change since Thursday. There were another 31 patients hospitalized because of COVID-19 who were out of the acute phase, an increase of one since Thursday..

Wyandotte County reported an increase of 12 COVID-19 case on Friday, March 5, for a cumulative 17,736 cases. There was a cumulative total of 273 deaths reported, no change since Thursday.

The Mid-America Regional Council’s COVID-19 dashboard reported 160,905 cumulative COVID-19 cases on Friday. The daily average of new hospitalizations was 85. Cumulative deaths in the nine-county area were 2,230.

The state of Kansas reported 295,861 cumulative COVID-19 cases on Friday, March 5, an increase of 752 cases since Wednesday. There were a total cumulative 4,812 deaths, a decrease of four since Wednesday, KDHE figures. The KDHE stated that the decrease in deaths was attributed to a review of death certificates. Some deaths originally reported as COVID-19 were determined during the review as not having had COVID-19 as the main cause or contributing cause of death, according to the KDHE>

The Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 dashboard on Friday night reported 28,894,784 cases in the United States, with 522,874 total deaths nationwide.

COVID-19 tests scheduled Saturday

The Pierson Community Center COVID-19 testing site at 831 S. 55th is open at 9 a.m. Saturday, March 6. Tests are through WellHealth. Appointments are required, check with the website,, for available appointment times.

Another COVID-19 testing site will be at Lowe’s, 6920 State Ave., Kansas City, Kansas, starting at 8 a.m. Saturday. Tests are through WellHealth. Appointments are required, check with the website,, for available appointment times.

Unified Government COVID-19 testing and vaccine sites are scheduled to be open on Monday, March 8. The Unified Government Health Department’s COVID-19 test site at the former Kmart building at 78th and State will be open Monday, March 8, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Appointments are not needed for COVID-19 tests there on Monday. There is also another UG Health Department location for COVID-19 testing at the former Best Buy store, 10500 Parallel Parkway. More information is at To see if there is any change to the schedule, visit

The Health Department is offering saliva COVID-19 tests to the public. Tests from the Health Department are free for those who live or work in Wyandotte County.

The tests are open to asymptomatic people as well as those who have symptoms or have been exposed to COVID-19. Check with the UG Health Department’s Facebook page to see if there have been any changes in the schedule. Bring something that shows that you live or work in Wyandotte County, such as a utility bill.

Walk-in vaccines available for those 85 and older

The UG Health Department is offering COVID-19 vaccines Monday through Friday for Wyandotte County residents who are over 65.

Those Wyandotte County residents who are 85 or older can walk in and do not need an appointment at the vaccination sites at 7836 State Ave. and 10500 Parallel Parkway. The sites are open from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Monday through Friday.

Those who are 65 and older, as well as critical workers, still need appointments for vaccines.

All those 65 and older should bring an ID or other proof of age, such as driver’s license, government ID or birth certificate, as well as something showing their Wyandotte County address, such as an ID or a piece of mail.

For more vaccine information, and to fill out a form expressing interest in getting a vaccine, visit or call 3-1-1.

Testing sites are at

Saliva testing is now offered at the UG Health Department. For more information, visit

The KU doctors’ news conference is at

The University of Kansas Health System COVID-19 update page is at

A weekly vaccine report for the state of Kansas is at

Cards and letters of encouragement for caregivers at KU Health System may be sent to Share Joy, care of Patient Relations, 4000 Cambridge St., Mailstop 1021, Kansas City, Kansas, 66160. Emails can be sent to

Wyandotte County is under a mandatory mask and social distancing order.

The UG COVID-19 webpage is at

The KDHE’s COVID-19 webpage is at

The KC Region COVID-19 Hub dashboard is at

The Wyandotte County page on the Johns Hopkins COVID-19 website is at

The Johns Hopkins Data in Motion, a presentation on critical COVID-19 data in the past 24 hours, is at