Archive for Opinions

Legislative update from Rep. Pam Curtis, D-32nd Dist.

Rep. Pam Curtis

Guest column

by Rep. Pam Curtis

This marks the final week of the 2018 regular legislative session. On Saturday just after midnight, the House adjourned and will return on April 26, 2018, for the veto session.

There are still some big-ticket items yet to be addressed, such as the budget. The Senate adjournment resolution that was adopted by the House set Sine Die, the last day of the session, for May 4.

It is a special honor to serve as your state representative. I value and appreciate your input on issues facing state government. Please feel free to contact me with your comments and questions. My office address is Room 452-S, 300 SW 10th, Topeka, KS 66612. You can reach me at 785-296-7430 or call the legislative hotline at 1-800-432-3924 to leave a message for me. You can also e-mail me at

Education funding

On Monday, the House ran HB 2445. The Kansas Supreme Court gave the Legislature a deadline of April 30, 2018, to present a formula that adequately and equitably funds schools. Many House Democrats had doubts that HB 2445 would satisfy those requirements. Rep. Ed Trimmer introduced an amendment that would adjust for inflation and bring the bill closer to constitutionality, but his amendment was voted down. The bill failed Monday, with a vote count of 55 in favor, 65 opposed.

However, despite that failure, the House again ran HB 2445 on Tuesday. More amendment attempts were made, and the bill passed with a significant jump in yes votes – Monday, there were 55, and Tuesday, 71 votes in favor were up on the board. The House Majority Leader made a motion to pass HB 2445 through on Emergency Final Action.

Normally, the House and Senate vote on a bill, and then vote on that same bill the following legislative day on Final Action. This practice gives legislators 24 hours to consider their initial vote and change it if they choose. It was clear that House Republican Leadership did not want to give the representatives that time to reconsider, and so the Final Action vote was taken immediately after the first vote, passing HB 2445 through the House in one day.

The Kansas Senate – two days after their Leadership declared they refused to work an education bill in their chamber – passed SB 423, a woefully inadequate school finance bill.

On Saturday, the Kansas Legislature reconvened solely to work on education finance. An agreement was made between Senate and House Republicans, and the original House bill, HB 2445, was inserted into SB 423.

This bill passed the House and Senate and will now go to the governor to be signed into law. The bill will then be ruled upon by the Kansas Supreme Court in June. If found unconstitutional, the Kansas legislature will likely be called back for a special session.

Constitutional amendment passed out of committee

On Wednesday evening, the House Judiciary Committee narrowly kicked out HCR 5029, a Constitutional amendment that would strip the Kansas Supreme Court of any role in deciding on the constitutionality of education finance. With a 12-10 vote count, the amendment will now go to the House floor.

The amendment is an attempt by Republican Leadership to distract from the issue at hand: creating an adequate and equitable school funding plan that will provide every child in Kansas with the opportunity for a quality education.

If this amendment should pass, it will eliminate checks and balances in Kansas and weaken the separation of powers that are so important to a fair and transparent government.

The attempt to amend the Constitution would require a two-thirds vote in each chamber, and then must be voted upon by the people of Kansas on the ballot later this year – which does not address any of the issues with school funding that we are facing now.

The amendment will not be worked until the Legislature returns for veto session.

This week on the House floor

This week, the House worked multiple Conference Committee Reports and Concur – Non-Concurs. These are bills that have already passed through the House or the Senate, been sent to a Conference Committee to find a compromise that suits both chambers, and then come back to the floor for a final vote.

A few of these include:
SB 272: Requires drivers of motor vehicles to take certain actions when approaching a stationary waste collection vehicle obviously and actually engaged in waste collection and displaying hazard warning signal lamps as required.
SB 375: Adds specified exemptions to limits on vehicle weights and lengths.
HB 2606: Specifies vision test requirements for qualifying applicants for electronic online driver’s license renewal.
HB 2454: Amends various statutes related to juvenile offenders.
SB 282: Amends the Uniform Controlled Substances Act and certain statutes pertaining to crimes involving controlled substances. The bill would amend the definition of “marijuana” and authorize the sale of certain CBD products.
SB 307: Amends the Kansas Amusement Ride Act.
SB 217: Replaces the term “mentally retarded and other handicapped persons” in statutes with “individuals with intellectual or other disabilities” in accordance with current law.

To see other Conference Committee Reports and Concur/Non Concurs from the week, visit


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Rep. Pam Curtis represents the 32nd District in Kansas City, Kansas.


Legislative update from Sen. Steve Fitzgerald, R-5th Dist.

Sen. Steve Fitzgerald

Guest column

by Sen. Steve Fitzgerald

Quote of the week

“By passing this bill, it is an opportunity for additional CPAs (child placing agencies) that have had concerns of working in Kansas in the past, to come alongside DCF to locate and maintain homes in which to place Kansas’ children.”
– Secretary Gina Meier-Hummel Secretary, Department of Children and Families

Keep up with what’s going on in Topeka.

YouTube Streaming:
Committee Hearings:

School safety

Crime research statistics show us that 98.4 percent of the mass public shootings that have occurred from 1950 to 2116 have occurred in “gun free zones.”

Kansas, Wyoming, Texas, Oregon, Utah, New Hampshire, Arizona, Alaska and Rhode Island have laws in place that allow teachers and other school district employees to carry concealed firearms.

In Texas alone, over 170 school districts have implemented policies that allow for the increased protection of their students by teachers and district employees. Kansas school districts could allow their employees to carry firearms.

Pro-life amendment added to budget in Senate

On last Tuesday, during debate on the proposed budget I offered a very simple pro-life amendment, which would prohibit state funds being used on embryonic stem cell research or on research on aborted fetal tissue.

The subsequent debate, which can be viewed in the Senate archive from that day, was revealing in the mindset of those who support taxpayer funding for this type of research. Sen. Mary Pilcher Cook, an expert on stem cell research, delivered a powerful speech in which she outlined both the science and the ethics behind why research of that kind should not be allowed and certainly not funded by taxpayers.

The amendment was adopted on a vote of 20-15.

Note: To read more follow this link:

More on the Senate budget

The budget, which passed the Senate 34-6, includes expenditures of $16.3 billion in FY 2018, including $6.7 billion from the State General Fund and $1.68 billion in FY 2019, including $6.8 billion from the State General Fund. Both are reductions from the recommendations by the governor.

Quick facts

• In Kansas, there are 46,137,295 acres of farmland, which accounts for 88 percent of all Kansas land. More than 21 million acres in Kansas is harvested for crops and over 16 million acres is pasture for grazing animals (Kansas Department of Agriculture).

• From 2000 to 2015, Kansas soybean farmers have increased no-till acres planted by 41 percent (Kansas Soybean Association).

• According to unemployment insurance weekly review, weekly claims for the week for March 23rdare 24.9 percent less than last year (Kansas Department of Labor).

• Service Master DSI will move its headquarters to Shawnee. It is estimated this will generate 100 new jobs in the area with an average salary of $67,000 (Kansas Department of Commerce).

• Kansas is one of seven states with decreasing unemployment rates as of February 2018 (U.S. Department of Labor).

• In testimony provided to the Federal and State Affairs Committees on the Adoption Protection Act, there are 7,000 children currently in the custody of the secretary. This makes it imperative that policies and statutes encourage more Child Placing Agencies, not less. (Sources: Meier-Hummel Testimony)

• Of the roughly 400,000 children nationwide in the foster care system today, 18 percent have been in foster care for more than three years, and 9 percent have been in the system for more than five years. (Source:

Floor action

Unfair trade and consumer protection (HB 2580): eliminates consumer reporting agencies’ authority to charge certain fees related to consumer report security freezes. HB 2580 amends current law to allow a consumer to place a security freeze on the consumer’s consumer report by written request, sent by certified mail or regular mail, through a secure website if made available by a consumer reporting agency, or by telephone, if the consumer reporting agency does not have an available secure website. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Repealing restrictions for KPERS investments with companies in Sudan (HB 2444): repeals requirements of the Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS) Board regarding new investments and divestment of current investments in companies with business operations in Sudan. The bill would also repeal the associated indemnification for the KPERS Board and its employees, research firms, and investment management. This bill passed the Senate 38-2. I voted for this bill.

Rainy day fund (HB 2419): concerns transfers to and expenditures from the budget stabilization fund. HB 2419 outlines that the rainy-day fund would earmark any excess revenue or over-projected estimates to be split in half, with 50 percent to pay off debt to the PMIB loan and the other 50 percent to be stored in a rainy-day fund for when projected revenues are short of projections. Historically, the legislature spends available money rather than set aside money to meet the statutory requirement of a seven percent remaining balance. This bill failed the Senate 21-19. I voted against this bill.

Amending the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (HB 2472): amends the uniform anatomical gift act to give drivers license applicants’ authorization to be listed as an organ, eye, and tissue donor in the Kansas donor registry. HB 2472 would require the word “Donor” be placed on the front of the driver’s license or identification card of an individual who provides authorization on an application for a driver’s license or an identification card to be listed in the Registry. The gift would become effective upon the death of the donor. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Health Occupations Credentialing Fee Fund (HB 2501): would create the Health Occupations Credentialing Fee Fund to be administered by the Secretary for Aging and Disability Services. Fees collected under provisions of the Adult Care Home Licensure Act, Dieticians Licensing Act, Operator Registration Act, and the act regulating speech-language pathologists and audiologists would be deposited into the fee fund instead of the State General Fund. This bill passed the Senate 39-1.

Ombudsman Long-Term Care Program (HB 2590): amends the state long-term care ombudsman program, activities, and access to certain records. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Nuclear Energy Development and Radiation Control Act (S Sub HB 2600): provides for the assessment of fees by the Department of Health and Environment for non-contiguous sites where radioactive material is stored or used. S Sub HB 2600 It also directs the Secretary of Health and Environment to study and investigate maternal deaths in Kansas. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Workers Compensation Death Benefits (S Sub HB 2184): amends workers compensation death benefits. The act allows for an initial payment to be shared between the surviving spouse and the dependent children. This bill passed the Senate 35-5. I voted for this bill.

Increased penalties for fake police calls (HB 2581): increases the criminal penalties for the crime of giving a false alarm in certain circumstances. The practice which is known as “swatting,” is when a person makes a call to the police with a false story of an ongoing crime in attempt to draw police officers to a particular address. Any false call for emergency help would be at least a misdemeanor, becoming a felony if the person uses a fake identity or electronically masks their identity. It also makes fake calls that result in death a felony comparable to second-degree murder. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Hunting guides and outfitter registration (SB 301): requires hunting guides and outfitters to register with the Department of Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism. This bill passed the Senate 31-9. I voted against this bill.

Exempting Division of Legislative Post Audit from paying monumental building surcharges (S Sub HB 2129): exempts the Division of Legislative Post Audit from paying any monumental building surcharge charged and collected by the Department of Administration or any other state agency that is levied against all state agency-leased square footage in Shawnee County. It permits the Secretary of Administration to approve a new lease or renew or extend an existing lease without an energy audit being performed if the Secretary determines an energy audit is not economically feasible. This bill passed the Senate 33-7. I voted for this bill.

Interoperability Advisory Committee (Sub HB 2556): establishes the state interoperability advisory committee. In 2007, the Statewide Interoperability Executive Committee was created by Executive Order to provide governance and guidance pertaining to the interoperability of public safety communications systems. The committee’s focus has been on radio frequency communications and data interoperability. HB 2556 would take the current statewide council and put it in statute. The bill would direct the committee to make recommendations to the Adjutant General’s Department (TAG). This bill passed the Senate 37-3. I voted against this bill.

Special Olympics, Choose Life, Wichita license plate (HB 2599):provides for the distinctive plates for Special Olympics, Choose Life, the Wichita city flag. The bill also authorizes special license plates for veterans of the Korean War, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom. This bill passed the Senate 36-2. I voted for this bill.

Commercial Driver’s License Renewal (HB 2511): makes commercial driver’s licenses renewable every five years. It extends the period of time before expiration from four years to five years. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Renewal of driver’s licenses; vision requirement (HB 2606): specifies vision test requirements for qualifying applicants for electronic online driver’s license renewal. An applicant for an online renewal must be at least 21 years old but less than 50 years old and confirm under penalty of law that their vision meets requirements currently in law of 20/40 or better in at least one eye as tested by the driver’s license examiner, or 20/60 or better in at least one eye submitted in a vision report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist. The applicant must certify they have undergone an examination by a licensed ophthalmologist or a licensed optometrist within the previous year and must authorize the exchange of vision and medical information between the Division of Vehicles and the applicant’s ophthalmologist or optometrist. This bill passed the Senate 35-5. I voted for this bill.

Designating Sedgwick County as urban area (HB 2597):designates Sedgwick County as an urban area, concerning nonprofit cemetery corporations in certain urban area counties. The designation would allow the Kansas Legislature to pass laws specific to those areas. Currently, Johnson, Wyandotte, Shawnee and Greeley counties already have this designation. This bill passed the Senate 39-1. I voted for this bill.

Qualifications for licensing of professional occupations (S Sub HB 2386): implements restrictions on requirements for licensing of professional occupations. S Sub HB 2386 would require any person, board, commission, or similar body that determines the qualifications of individuals for licensure, certification, or registration to revise their existing requirements to list the specific civil and criminal records that could disqualify an applicant from receiving a license, certification, or registration. The revision would occur within 180 days after the effective date of the bill. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Nurse Licensure Compact (HB 2496): creates the Nurse Licensure Compact and amend the Kansas Nurse Practice Act to enable the Board of Nursing to carry out the provisions of the Compact and establish the duties of registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) under the Compact. The Compact allows RNs and LPNs to have one multi-state license, with the privilege to practice in the home state of Kansas and in other Compact states physically, electronically, and/or telephonically. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

The Child Care Criminal Background and Fingerprinting Fund (HB 2639): requires local and state law enforcement officers and agencies to assist the Secretary of Health and Environment in taking and processing fingerprints of persons residing, working, or regularly volunteering in a child care facility and to release all records of adult convictions and non-convictions and adult convictions or adjudications of another state or country to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. The bill creates the Child Care Criminal Background and Fingerprinting Fund in the State Treasury to be administered by the Secretary. This bill passed the Senate 36-4. I voted for this bill.

Appropriation revisions (Sub SB 269): creates appropriation revisions for FY 2018 and FY 2019 for various state agencies.

In FY 2018, Sub. SB 269 recommends expenditures of $16.3 billion, including $6.7 billion from the State General Fund. The recommendation is an all funds reduction of $3.0 million and a State General Fund increase of $1.6 million from the Governor’s Recommendation for FY 2018.

Some key components for the FY 2018 appropriation revisions:

• Add $1.5 million, all from the State General Fund to fully fund the Technical Education Incentive for the Department of Education.
For FY 2019, Sub. SB 269 recommends expenditures of $16.8 billion, including $6.8 billion from the State General Fund. The recommendation is a reduction of $79.2 million, including $80.7 million from the State General Fund, from the Governor’s Recommendation for FY 2019. The bill also reduces State General Fund revenue by $11.7 million for FY 2019.

Some key components of the FY 2019 appropriation revisions:

• Add $22.1 million, including $10.0 million from the State General Fund, for an increase in nursing facility reimbursements rates.
• Add $4.7 million, including $2.1 million, from the State General Fund, to provide a salary adjustment to all employees who did not receive a salary adjustment as part of the 2017 Legislative Pay Plan.
• Add $5.5 million, including $3.3 million from the State General Fund, to increase payments for foster care kinship placements from an average of $3 per day to an average of $10 per day for the Department of Children and Families.

This bill passed the Senate 34-6. I voted against this bill,

Defendant’s compentency and commitment for treatment (HB 2549): creates judicial determinations of defendant’s competency and commitment for treatment. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Legislative task force on dyslexia (Sub HB 2602): establishes the Legislative Task Force on Dyslexia and Other Reading Comprehension Impairments (Task Force), which would advise and make recommendations to the Governor, Legislature, and the Kansas State Board of Education regarding dyslexia and other reading comprehension impairments. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Rescuing vulnerable person or animal from a vehicle (HB 2516): provides immunity from civil liability for damage to a motor vehicle for a person who enters the vehicle, by force or otherwise, to remove a vulnerable person or domestic animal if they are in imminent danger. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Scrap Metal Theft Reduction Act (SB 429): Senate Bill 429 delays certain provisions of the Scrap Metal Theft Reduction Act until January 1, 2020. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Qualifications for the office of sheriff (HB 2523): amends the statute concerning the qualifications required of sheriffs. It narrows language disqualifying a person from holding the office if they have been convicted of a violation of any federal or state laws or city ordinances relating to gambling, liquor, or narcotics. The bill would disqualify only for a misdemeanor related to gambling, liquor, or narcotics within five years immediately preceding election or appointment.. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

School transportation funding (SB 352): requires transportation funding for school districts from the state general fund, not the state highway fund; making and concerning appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Local option budget (SB 422): requires a minimum local option budget and requires school boards to notify the state board of education of their intent to increase local option budget authority. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

References related to KDADS and DCF (S Sub HB 2028): updates statutory references related to the Kansas Department for Aging and Disability Services and the Kansas Department for Children and Families This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Statewide Broadband Expansion Planning Task Force (S Sub HB 2701): creates a broadband expansion planning task force. The purpose of this task force is to develop a group to evaluate and expand broadband throughout Kansas. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Allowing criminal cases to be stayed during state appeal of writ of habeas corpus (HB 2479): allows criminal cases to be stayed during state of appeal of writ of habeas corpus relief, creates procedures and limitations concerning contact with jurors following a criminal jury trial, and clarifies grand jury proceedings. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Counterfeit currency, mistreatment laws, and defining law enforcement officer, (HB 2458): defines counterfeiting currency as anything intended to defraud through forging currency. Another element of this bill combines the two laws into one that deal with mistreatment of a dependent adult and elder person. HB 2458 also amends the definition of law enforcement officer to include uniformed or properly identified while on duty. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Golf carts on certain streets at night (HB 2486): allows golf carts to be driven on public streets where otherwise authorized between sunset and sunrise if the golf cart has lights as required by law for motorcycles and has a properly mounted slow moving vehicle emblem. This bill passed the Senate 36-4. I voted for this bill.

Amend certain sales taxation for motor vehicles (SB 367): amends current sales tax law that includes the value of a rebate from a manufacturer of a new vehicle to the potential buyer. Current law includes this amount to calculate sales tax liability. SB 367 requires the rebate to be paid directly to the retailer. This bill passed the Senate 38-0.

Kansas Right-to-Know Fee Fund (HB 2577): creates a maximum annual fee for the Right-To-Know Program that would only be used for the administration of the program. Current law allows the fees to go into a general fund. The program deals with hazardous substances. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Control and eradication of noxious weeds (HB 2583): clarifies definitions for terms related to noxious weeds. This legislation allows the Secretary of Agriculture to declare an emergency for noxious weeds that can be potentially harmful because of a natural disaster. This bill passed the Senate 36-4. I voted for this bill.

High-performance incentive program tax credit (SB 430): extends 50 percent of the unused High-Performance Incentive Program tax credits beyond the current carryforward limit, from 16 years to 25 years, for those taxpayers who initially claimed a HPIP credit prior to January 1, 2018. In any tax year after the 16th year, the amount of tax credits used by a taxpayer would be limited to 10 percent of the reduced amount. Taxpayers would be required annually to certify under oath to the Secretary of Commerce that they continue to meet HPIP requirements. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Qualifications for candidates seeking certain statewide offices (HB 2539): House Bill 2539 would amend qualifications for certain state offices. This legislation would clarify require these positions to be a “qualified elector.” A qualified elector must be at least 30 years old when becoming a candidate for the office of the governor or lieutenant governor. Another provision is a candidate must be licensed to practice law in Kansas for the office of the attorney general. This bill passed the Senate 29-9. I voted for this bill.

Corrupt political advertising (HB 2642): amends the “corrupt political advertising” statute. Currently, social media communication is exempt from the requirement to include “paid for” or “sponsored by” information if the limit of characters is 200. The amended bill increases that limit to 280 characters. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Kansas Adoption and Relinquishment Act (HB 2481): provides several provisions to the Kansas Adoption and Relinquishment Act. Senator Molly Baumgardner (R-Louisburg) placed an amendment on the bill which protects faith-based adoption agencies. This bill passed the Senate 28-12. I voted for this bill.

Kansas Pet Animal Act (HB 2477): changes the Kansas Pet Animal Act pertaining to licensure for temporary care of dogs or cats, maximum license fees, notice of inspections, requested inspections, no-contact inspections, failed inspections, and license renewal dates. This bill passed the Senate 34-6. I voted for this bill.

Income tax refund for certain Native American veterans (Sub HB 2147): would create a process by which certain Native American military veterans would be able to apply for a refund of state personal income taxes improperly withheld from such veteran’s federal military income in the amount of income taxes paid plus interest. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Removing alcohol as a special fuel (HB 2488): removes the word “alcohol” from the definition of “special fuels” under the motor-fuel tax law. The bill clarifies how fuels are taxed. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

Sales tax authority for Thomas County (HB 2492): increases the maximum local sales tax rate that can be imposed by Thomas Country from 1.5 percent to 1.75 percent, provided all taxes levied in excess of 1.00 percent remain earmarked for financing a courthouse, jail, law enforcement center, or other county administrative facility. An election would be required for an increase in the current Thomas County sales tax, which is 1.5 percent. This bill passed the Senate 38-2. I voted for this bill.

State fair capital improvements fund (SB 415): creates a diversion of state sales tax receipts so that collections by the Kansas State Fair and retailers on the fairgrounds would be deposited into the State Fair Capital Improvements Fund, effective July 1, 2018. This bill passed the Senate 40-0.

This week
• 10 a.m. Session

• 10 a.m. Session

• 10 a.m. Session

• 10 a.m. Session

2018 session dates and deadlines
Friday, April 6 Drop dead day; first adjournment
Thursday, April 26
Veto Session begins

Thursday, May 4
Day 90

Sen. Steve Fitzgerald, R-5th Dist., represents parts of Leavenworth County and western Wyandotte County.


Opinion: Stop the power grab in Topeka

Window on the West
Opinion column

by Mary Rupert

A proposed state constitutional amendment to prevent the judicial system from ruling on school finance issues is a power grab by one branch of government over another.

The Kansas Constitution allows for a balance of power between legislative, judicial and administrative branches.

Legislators have said they were elected to set the amounts of school funding and make other policy decisions, and that is correct. But the governor also was chosen to run the government, carry out the state’s policies and propose his or her budget, and the judiciary was elected to settle disputes fairly and to make sure justice is carried out throughout the state.

When things get out of whack in the legislative or administrative branches, we would hope there will still be some recourse for the citizens through the courts.

If citizens from Kansas City, Kansas, for example, feel that they have been cheated out of their fair amount of state educational funding, they should have recourse to the courts. If citizens feel their schools have not been paid their back payments in school funding by the Legislature, they should be able to sue.

So far, although the courts have ruled in favor of the schools, the Legislature has refused to pay the amounts ordered by the courts, although legislators are discussing it again currently this year. The Legislature’s past actions to ignore the court rulings and just do whatever they want does not set a good example for the students it says it is concerned about.

We can’t think of many other cases where one of the parties being sued can unilaterally decide that there will be no future cases or lawsuits – such a situation shows the flaws of our system. It is a conflict of interest for the Legislature even to consider such an amendment. The real constitutional amendment we should consider should be to prohibit one branch of government from unduly interfering with any other branch.

Such a power grab as a constitutional amendment to prohibit school finance lawsuits is the sign of a dictatorship, not a free society where people can rationally consider issues, make decisions and have the opportunity to appeal them to the courts.

Because the political pendulum swings back and forth in history, there will be a day sometime in the future that those who are in power now in Topeka will turn over the reins of government to another group, with a different philosophy. Current legislators ought to think about what they will do then if they disagree with that group. Will their backers and communities then still have recourse to the courts if this amendment passes?

To reach Mary Rupert, editor, email